How Many Rabbits in a Litter? – Domestic Rabbits


Surviving Bunnies in a Litter

If you’re going to keep rabbits as pets, you must know that they are known as rapid reproducers.

So how many bunnies does a doe have per litter? A female domestic rabbit will have between 1 to 14 bunnies in her first litter, but the size of litter depends on a number of factors. On average a rabbit gives birth to 6 bunnies and can get pregnant again within 24 hours!

As you can see, rabbit can indeed ‘reproduce like rabbits’. To make things even more interesting, the mortality rate for baby rabbits is also pretty low in a domestic setting at less than 10%.

ProTip: A baby bunny is called a Kit.

The average number of surviving rabbits per litter can widely vary depending on a number of factors that we’ll discuss below.

How the breed of rabbit effects litter size?

Litter size is a characteristic that will vary between various breeds of rabbits.  In general, larger breeds have more baby bunnies in each litter.

What breeds of rabbits have the largest litters?

The breeds of rabbits that produce the largest litters are:

  • New Zealand Whites
  • Flemish Giant Rabbit
  • Checkered Giants.

These large breeds tend to have the litters of up to 14 bunnies.

Dwarf rabbits give birth to an average of just 2 kits

Medium-sized rabbits birth about 6 kits.

Litter Number and Average Litter Size

According to the University of Miami, the rabbit’s litter size can also vary according to the sequential number of litter; whether it’s first littler, second or so on.

In general, the first little tends to be smaller and then litters begin to grow larger as your doe (a female rabbit) reaches ideal maturity for motherhood. 

Then as your rabbit ages, the litters will begin to get smaller until your doe reaches the end of her bunny bearing years.

How many babies survive out of a litter?

The infant mortality rate of domestic rabbits tends to be very low, less than 10%

That said, it’s important to remember that baby rabbits are fragile.  When they are born some babies are simply weaker than others. When that happens, sometimes a mother rabbit will choose to abandon that weaker bunny and focus her attention and milk on the stronger kits.

At its core, a rabbit’s drive is born entirely from the need for the species to survive. This might seem a bit harsh as it’s our nature to think that the weaker ones should be cared for equally, but rabbits nature always puts the survival of their species ahead of the survival of one.

Rabbits analyze the litter and differentiate between the stronger and weaker kits.

If a doe feels that some of the kits can survive better than others, she’ll prioritize them.  That means that the kits born stronger have a good chance of getting more care and thus they grow up to be significantly larger and healthier than their smaller brothers and sisters.

So that you’re not surprised, if there are any stillborn bunnies in a nest, it is possible that the mother rabbit will eat the remains. It’s gross but natural. This is a natural instinct to protect the other bunnies from the predators as they can smell a stillborn rabbit and locate the whole family.

While you are going to be tempted to check the next of new baby bunnies immediately after birth and to remove any stillborn babies, you really need to not handle the babies for a least three weeks. For some new mothers, smelling different odor (yours) on the babies causes them to reject the kits. Just don’t risk it.

Some new mother rabbits will remove stillborn kits from the nest, and if you see this happen it’s perfectly ok to remove the body from the hutch.

Conclusion:

A single female rabbit will have between 1 to 14 rabbits in a litter, but the average number per litter is 6.

The litter size may vary from rabbit to rabbit and some babies may be born weaker than others.

Once your rabbit has given birth, it may be weeks before you get a really accurate count.  It’s best to not handle the babies for at least three weeks.

When peeking into the next box, it’s often hard to see all of the babies as some will be buried deep in the hair and straw that makes up the next.

Regardless of the size of the litter, enjoy your baby bunnies!

Stacey

My name is Stacey Davis, and I and my family had rabbits for decades. Here on RabbitPros.com we share our love of rabbits, our experience, and lots of research to help you enjoy your pet bunny even more and as stress-free as possible.

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